Sultan is a historical novel by Qamar Ajnalvi, a Pakistani writer who wrote in Urdu. The novel is based on the life and reign of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, a famous ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire in the 10th and 11th centuries. The novel depicts his military campaigns, his cultural achievements, his personal life and his relations with other rulers and peoples. The novel also portrays the historical and cultural background of the Islamic world and Central Asia at that time.
The novel was first published in 1979 and has been reprinted several times. It is considered one of the best historical novels in Urdu literature. It has been translated into English, Persian, Turkish and Bengali. The novel has also been adapted into a TV drama series in Pakistan.
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Sultan By Qamar Ajnalvi Pdf DownSome of the main themes of the novel are the glory and decline of empires, the clash and fusion of civilizations, the role of religion and culture in politics, the importance of learning and art, and the human nature of rulers and warriors. The novel also explores the complex and diverse aspects of Sultan Mahmud's personality, such as his ambition, courage, generosity, cruelty, piety, pride, love and loyalty.
The novel is divided into four parts, each covering a different phase of Sultan Mahmud's life. The first part is called \"The Rise\", and it narrates his early life, his struggle for power, his conquest of India and his establishment of Ghazni as a cultural center. The second part is called \"The Glory\", and it describes his peak of fame and fortune, his expansion of his empire, his patronage of scholars and poets, and his friendship with Firdawsi, the author of the Shahnameh. The third part is called \"The Decline\", and it shows his decline in health and power, his conflicts with his sons and rivals, his loss of territories and allies, and his remorse for some of his actions. The fourth part is called \"The End\", and it depicts his death and legacy.The novel is written in a simple and elegant style, with vivid descriptions and dialogues. The novel also contains many poems and quotations from the Shahnameh and other sources, which add to the richness and authenticity of the story. The novel is well-researched and based on historical facts and accounts, but it also uses some fictional elements and creative imagination to fill in the gaps and make the story more engaging and appealing.
The novel is widely praised and appreciated by critics and readers alike, for its historical accuracy, literary merit, cultural significance and entertainment value. The novel has won several awards and honors, such as the Adamjee Literary Award, the Nigar Award and the Pride of Performance. The novel has also inspired many other writers and artists to create works based on Sultan Mahmud's life and times.
Sultan is a novel that not only tells the story of a great ruler and his empire, but also reflects the history and culture of a region and a people. It is a novel that celebrates the achievements and diversity of the Islamic civilization, but also acknowledges its flaws and challenges. It is a novel that appeals to both the mind and the heart of the reader, and leaves a lasting impression. 061ffe29dd